Unveiling Language and Locale Settings in Oracle Database

Display the Oracle database chararter set information

SQL Code

1select * from nls_database_parameters

Sample Oracle Output:



  • To retrieve and display all current National Language Support (NLS) database parameters. These parameters govern how Oracle handles language, territory, character sets, and other locale-specific settings, ensuring accurate data representation and processing for diverse user groups and applications.


Querying Data:

*   `select * from nls_database_parameters`: Fetches all columns and rows from the `nls_database_parameters` view, which stores NLS configuration details.

Key Points:

  • Comprehensive Overview: Presents a complete picture of NLS settings at the database level.
  • Troubleshooting: Useful for identifying potential character set or locale-related issues, such as incorrect data display or sorting.
  • Configuration Verification: Aids in confirming that NLS settings align with application requirements and user expectations.
  • Planning and Upgrades: Essential for understanding current NLS configuration before planning database changes or upgrades, as NLS settings can impact data compatibility and migration efforts.

Insights and Explanations:

  • Common NLS Parameters: Key parameters often include:

    • NLS_LANGUAGE: Default language for the database.
    • NLS_TERRITORY: Default territory, encompassing regional conventions like date and number formatting.
    • NLS_CHARACTERSET: Default character set, determining character encoding and storage.
    • NLS_SORT: Default sorting rules for character data.
  • Customization: NLS parameters can be modified at both the database and session levels to cater to specific application or user requirements.

  • Impact on Data Integrity: Incorrect NLS settings can lead to data corruption or misinterpretation, highlighting the importance of careful configuration and management.

  • Considerations for Global Applications: Thorough understanding of NLS parameters is crucial for applications operating in multiple languages or regions to ensure consistent and accurate data handling.

Posts in this series